INSTRUCTIONS: This questionnaire consists of 21 points, each point contains of a number of statements. Please read the following carefully and select the one that best describes your health during the past two weeks, including today.
Are You Depressed?
The Beck Depression Inventory is a test that measures the severity of a person’s depression. According to the Beck Depression Inventory test manual, this self-report measure is not to be used as a diagnostic tool but only serves to assess the severity of depressive symptoms.
30% of women and 15% men suffer from depression. And only half of them ask for professional help. However, depression not only affects the quality of life, but also affects physical health. For example, in 30-40% of people who have suffered strokes, heart attacks and cancer, was found depression, which began to develop before the illness that led to hospitalization. Depression is also a reason for suicide – from 45 to 60% of depressed patients commit suicide.
It is necessary to remember that depression can also occur without changes in mental status, and take the form of physical complaints (so-called “masked depression”). Thus, in 80% of depressed patients is observed anxiety. And half of depressed patients showed a combination of symptoms of depression with bodily complaints like:
- vegetative and endocrine disorders (vegetative-vascular dystonia, vertigo, functional disorders – constipation, colitis, etc; dermatitis, pruritus, anorexia, bulimia, impotence, menstrual irregularities);
- pain (headache, heart, neuralgia – trigeminal, facial nerve, intercostal neuralgia, sciatica);
- psychiatric disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, panic attacks, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder – obsessions, hypochondria, neurasthenia);
- character violation (drug addiction, substance abuse, impulsivity, conflict, violent outbursts, hysterical reactions);
- violation of the biological rhythm (insomnia hypersomnia).
Beck Depression Inventory – is one of first depression tests designed to assess depression. Its accuracy in the identification of depression is confirmed by numerous tests.
Depression Test History
The Beck Depression Inventory was created by Dr. Aaron T. Beck, is a 21-question multiple-choice self-report inventory, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring the severity of depression. Its development marked a shift among health care professionals, who had until then viewed depression from a psychodynamic perspective, instead of it being rooted in the patient’s own thoughts.
In its current version the questionnaire is designed for individuals aged 13 and over, and is composed of items relating to symptoms of depression such as hopelessness and irritability, cognitions such as guilt or feelings of being punished, as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, and lack of interest in sex.