Types of Depression

All types of depression are distinct between them. Major or clinical depression and chronic depression or dysthymia are the most common types of depression. But there are other forms with their unique symptoms, signs and methods of treatment.

types of depression

What is major depressive disorder?

Major depressive disorder is characterized by a set of symptoms that influence the person’s ability to work, sleep, eat, learn and enjoy the favorite activities. Major depression paralyzes. It doesn’t let you function properly. A major depression episode can happen just once in a lifetime. The relapse of this disease happens more often.

In addition, a significant symptom of this disorder is depressive mood or lack of interest. These symptoms must be present most of the day 2 weeks in a row. Besides that, these symptoms cause clinical manifestation of acute malaise or decrease the ability to work. They can’t occur as a result of the impact of alcohol or drug addiction, consummation of certain meds or as a result of the malfunctioning of the thyroid gland. Also, they don’t occur because of a suffered grief.

What is chronic depression or dysthymia?

Chronic depression represents depressive mood for a long period of time, minimum 2 years. This kind of depression is considered the mildest one and doesn’t paralyze the person. If you have dysthymia, then during your life you can suffer 1 or 2 major depression episode.

What is atypical depression?

The symptoms of atypical depression are:

  • Overeating
  • Increased drowsiness
  • Exhaustion
  • Increased sensibility to rejection
  • Sudden mood swings which directly depends on the situation

The comprehensive feeling of sadness is the difference between the habitual depression and atypical depression.

What is bipolar depression or manic depression?

Bipolar disorder is a difficult mood disorder. It is characterized by alternating episodes of depression and excessive excitement or mania. There are 2 sub-types of bipolar disorder: bipolar disorder of 1st and 2nd degree.

A person who has bipolar disorder of 1st degree had for sure an episode of manic syndrome and may include or not an episode of major depression.

People with bipolar disorder of 2nd degree have suffered minimum one major depression episode and one episode of Hypomania (strong or insignificant splash of emotions).

What is the difference between seasonal depression from other types of depression?

Seasonal depression or seasonal affective disorder is the depression that manifests every year at the same time of the year. Usually it begins in autumn or winter and ends in spring or early summer. It’s not just “winter melancholy” or irritability due to loneliness. There is also “summer depression”. This form of seasonal depression is very rare and it begins in late spring or early summer and it ends in autumn.

How dangerous psychotic depression is?

With disease the symptoms of depression are accompanied hallucinatory thoughts or other manifestations of psychosis. The person with psychotic depression loses connection with the reality. Such patients present manifestation of hallucinations and delusional thinking.

What is postnatal depression?

Almost 75% of the new moms suffer from deep postnatal melancholy. But at every tenth this condition switches to a more serious stage – postnatal depression. A woman can be diagnosed with postnatal depression when the new mom during the first month following the childbirth has a major depression episode.

No matter what type of depression you observed manifesting in you, it is important to consult a specialist. The on time identification of the disease and effective treatment will give the possibility to defeat this disease.